There are a number of non-surgical options for the treatment of uterine fibroids, ranging from the noninvasive to the minimally invasive. Depending on your individual situation your doctor should discuss with you which treatment options are available and highlight those most suited to your circumstances.
For more information please click on the interactive treatment options menu or see next section.
Magnetic resonance imaging-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) is a non-invasive procedure specifically used for treating fibroids in women who do not want to have children.
MRgFUS uses focused, high-frequency, high-energy ultrasound beams to destroy fibroids one at a time by heating them until they solidify.
Myolysis is a procedure that destroys fibroids in the womb (uterus) by using focused energy. It can be done during a laparoscopy procedure, but can only target one fibroid at a time.
During a myolysis procedure, surgical needles are inserted into the womb through a small incision in the belly and the fibroids are shocked with electricity.
This makes the fibroid blood vessels tighten and shut down, cutting off the blood supply to the fibroid. This procedure can affect fertility and should not be used if you wish to become pregnant in the future.
Uterine artery embolisation (UAE) is a procedure where a catheter is used to deliver small particles that block the blood supply to the womb (uterus). This causes the fibroids to shrink. This is an effective treatment option for women with fibroids who do not wish to become pregnant.
During UAE, the radiologist injects tiny beads (microspheres) into the arteries of the womb to block them off. The womb then loses oxygen supply, and its inside wall begins to clot. The clots can be dissolved afterwards when blood is allowed to re-enter the womb, but the fibroid clots remain, eliminating the fibroids through lack of blood and oxygen.
As with any procedure, there are risks and potential complications associated with it such as ovarian failure, infection, vaginal discharge…